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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2015-08
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Effect of Biochar on Soil Nutrient and Moistrue

SUN Ai-hua;HUA Xin;ZHU Shi-jiang;Institute of Water Conservancy and Environment,Three Gorges University;  
Biochar is an insoluble solid matter,being pyrolyzed by biomass in the condition of fully or partly hypoxic and is alkaline multi-purpose material of high carbon content,stable structure,porosity,strong adsorption capacity.Biochar can improve the physical and chemical properties of soil,increase soil water holding capacity,keep the soil nutrient,and improve crop yield as an additive to soil.The mixture of biochar and fertilizer applied into the soil has the function of slowly release effect including delaying the release fertilizer in soil,reducing nutrient loss and improving the utilization rate of fertilizer.This article deployment overview mainly from the biochar properties,effects of biochar on soil physical and chemical properties,soil water holding capacity and soil nutrient.It is pointed out that what needs to strength of the current research and provides some ideas for the application and popularization of biochar in agricultural field.
【Fund】: 三峡大学人才启动基金(KJ2011B025)
【CateGory Index】: S158;S152.7
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