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《Journal of Anhui Traditional Chinese Medical College》 2009-01
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Effect of Eletroacupuncture on EAAT1 and EAAT2 of Astrocyte in the Marginal Zone of Cerebral Ischemia in Rats

LUO Yan,XU Neng-gui,YI Wei,DU Yi-xu(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine,Guangdong Guangzhou 510006,China)  
Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) on excitatory amino acid transporters 1(EAAT1) and excitatory amino acid transporters 2(EAAT2) of astrocyte in rat model of focal cerebral ischemia at different times.Methods: Ninety Wistar rats were randomized into sham group,model group and EA group.Each group was observed at 1 hour,1 day,3 days,7 days and 21 days after cerebral ischemia.Heat-coagulation-induced occlusion of the middle cerebral artery was performed to establish the model of focal cerebral ischemia.EA was applied to Baihui(GV20) and Dazhui(GV14) in EA group.EAAT1 and EAAT2 expression of the marginal zone of cerebral ischemia was assayed with immunohistochemical method in different groups.Results: In comparison with that in sham group,Optical Density(OD) values of EAAT1 in model group increased obviously at day 1,day 3,day 7 and day 21(P0.05,P0.01),while compared with that in sham group,the OD value of EAAT1 in EA group increased significantly at 1 hour(P0.05),and the change of EAAT1 expression in EA group was similar to that in model group at day 1,day 3,day 7 and day 21,but OD values of EAAT1 in EA group were significantly higher than those in model group(P0.01).In comparison with those in sham group,OD values of EAAT2 in model group increased obviously at 1 hour,day 1,day 3 and day 7(P0.01),and the change of EAAT2 expression in EA group was similar to that in model group,however,in comparison with that in sham group,the OD values of EAAT2 in EA group still increased significantly at day 21(P0.01),and OD values of EAAT2 in EA group were significantly higher than those in model group(P0.05,P0.01).Conclusion: EA can improve the expression of EAAT1 and EAAT2 of astrocyte in the marginal zone of cerebral ischemia in rats,which strengthen the ability of transportation of glutamic acid by astrocyte.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30572420);; 国家教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”(NCET-04-0831)
【CateGory Index】: R245
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