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《Chinese Journal of Cancer》 1989-05
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STUDIES ON ENHANCED EFFECTS OF MICE SKIN PAPILLOMA INDUCED BY SAPIUM SEBIFERUM,BELAMCANUA CHINENSIS AND CROTON OIL

JI Zhi-wu ZENG Yi(Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing 100052)  
In this experiment, mice skin papilloma induced by 3-methycholanthrene(3-MC) was promoted by sapjum sebiferum, Belamcanda chinensis and the typical promotor-Croton oil, respectively. The mice were divided into sixgroups. They were treated by 1) 3 MC plus Sapium sebiferum . 2) 3-MC plus Belamcanda chimensis. 3} 3-MC plus Croton oil. 4) 3-MC- 5) Sapium sebiferum and 6 ) Belamcanda chinensis alone. Firstly 0.2ml of 3-MC(400*g/ml ) in acetone was smerared on the back of mice in group l-4and 0.2ml of acetone was smeared on the back of mice in group 5 and 6. Two weeks later, the ethereal extracts of the drugs mentioned abouve were smeared on mice's back twice a week, for 45 weeks, res pectively. After s17 weeks, the first papilloma appeared.The results showed that, the incidences of papilloma in the mice of the first three groups were 30%, 27%, and 70% respectively. After 45 weeks no papilloma occurred in mice of the three cotrol groups 4,5,6 i.e. 3-MC, Sapium sebiferum and Belamcanda chinensis used alone). The conclusion is that Sapium sebiferum and Belamcanda chinensis are also tumor promotors, but with weaker promoting effect as compared to Croton oil.
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