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《Chinese Journal of Cancer》 2003-05
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Recent Advances on Molecular Pathology of Prostate Carcinoma

Niu Hui Lin, Tao Yu Department of Pathology, Sun Yat sen Medical College, Sun Yat sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510089,P.R.China  
The pathologic grade and clinical stage have some restrictions for the evaluation of the prognosis of prostate carcinoma. Recently, the function of genes related to apoptosis and tumor suppressor genes on the development, progression,and prognostic value of prostate carcinoma was paid close attention due to further research on the molecular pathology of prostate cancer. Overexpression of Bcl 2 was found in high malignant patients of prostate carcinoma and related to androgen refraction and resistance against anticancer agents as well. The mutation of p53 was found in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia(PIN) and prostate cancer. p53 can be used as an independent prognostic factor for prostate cancer. The deletion of PTEN and p27 is an important negative factor of prognosis. Overexpression of p21 and p16 which are inhibition protein of cell cycle have effects on the formation and differentiation of prostate cancer. Fas/FasL system plays an important role in apoptosis of prostatic epithelial cells and takes part in the carcinogenesis of prostate. BRCA1 and p73 also have effects on the genesis and development of prostate cancer.
【CateGory Index】: R737.25
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