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《Chinese Journal of Cancer》 2007-03
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Application of Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Remifentanyl and Propofol to Radiofrequency Ablation

LI Yi1,2, HUANG Wan1,2, LONG Yu-Hui1,2, LI Wei1,2, WANG Jian1,2, CHEN Min-Shan1,3, XU Mei-Xi1,2 1. State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510060, P. R. China 2. Department of Anesthesiology, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510060, P. R. China 3. Department of Hepatobiliary Oncology, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510060, P. R. China  
BACKGROUND OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) is a new and effective microinvasive operation for small hepatocellular carcinoma, but the effect of local anesthesia or single analgesic injection as regular anesthesia is unsatisfied. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of remifentanyl combined with propofol as total intravenous anesthesia during PRFA. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for PRFA were randomized into remifentanyl group (R) and fentanyl group (F). Each group contained 30 patients. Group R received remifentanyl infusion at the dose of 0.1 μg·kg-1·min-1 by micro pump; group F received bolus intravenous injection of fentanyl at 1.5 μg·kg-1 before operation. Anesthesia was maintained with propofol. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), pulse oxygen saturation (SPO2), respiration rate (RR), partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO2) and recovery time were measured and recorded by monitor. The limb movement, apnea, body movements, and chest wall rigidity were recorded during operation. RESULTS: The recovery time of group R was significantly shorter than that of group F [(5.0±1.8) min vs. (10.7±3.0) min, P0.001]; the total consumption of propofol was less in group R than in group F [(172.0±37.3) mg vs. (330.3±61.2) mg, P0.001]. Group R had less cases with limb movement (5 cases vs. 12 cases) but more cases with apnea (12 cases vs. 6 patients) as compared with group F. CONCLUSIONS: Total intravenous anesthesia with remifentanyl and propofol for PRFA is safe and reliable. Respiratory depression should be monitored instantly and strictly.
【CateGory Index】: R735.7
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