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《Journal of Ankang Teachers College》 2002-01
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Discussion with Professor Qian Gechuan on Translation ——Which is better, literal translation or free translation of the Sentence "Bitter is the West Wind" in the novel The Story of West Wing-room

LUO Xingjia (The English Department, Ankang Teachers College, Ankang 725000, China)  
In the 7th chapter Giving Examples to Literal Translation and Free Translation of The Basis Knowledge of Translation written by Professor Qian Gechuan, the author, professor, Qian, considered that it seemed to be in error being adopted the mode of literal translation by Mr. Xiong Shiyi to translate "Bitter is the West wind" in the famous section of The Story of West Wing-room i.e., "Grey are the clouds in the sky and faded the leaves on the ground,Bitter is the west wind as the wild geese fly from the north to the south, How is it that in the morning the white frosted trees are dyed as red as a wine flushed face? It must have been caused by the tears of those who are about to depart." And he thought that the adjective "bitter" in front of the west wind did not chime in with the English concepts. In the meantime, by means of the contents in 《The Song of West Wind》 written by English poet Laureate John Mansfield (1878-1967), Professor Qian Suggested, "Still it is best to adopt the mode of free translation to translate the west wind." But I had a different opinion from his viewpoint, according to the geographical factors, I analyzed and explained whats the different reason of the west wind between China and Great British, between The 《Song of West Wind》 and 《The Story of West Wing-room》 It seemed to be improper to take the mode of "Do in Rome as Romans do" to translate "the west wind" only in order to Chime in with the English concepts. Therefore I supposed, "it is more proper to choose the mode of 'Literal translation adding explanation' to translate it.
【Key Words】: free translation Literal translation bitter being the west wind doing in Rome as Roman doing
【CateGory Index】: H315.9
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