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《Modern Agricultural Sciences and Technology》 2010-10
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Amendment and Fertilization Technology of Carbonate Chernozem

WANG Xiao-jun 1,2 YU Feng-zhi 1 GAO Tong-bin 3 ZHOU Guang-ming 3 YANG Si-ping 3 ZHOU Gao-fei 3(1 Soil Environment and Plant Nutrition Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province,Institute of Soil Fertility and Environmental Resources,Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Harbin Heilongjiang 150086;2 Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;3 Agricultural and Sideline Base Directly under Shenyang Military Region)  
According to the serious situations of soil hardening and stiffness while drought,sticky and senile while flooded,and the ability of soil water preserving technique dropped in the west of Heilongjiang,the carbonate chernozems fertility-improving technique was studied.The result showed that adoption of such techniques as adding organic manure,returning straws to the fields and optimizing the fertilization could significantly improve the physical characteristics of the carbonate chernozems and increase the yield of corn.Compared normal fertilization in the local regions,other treatments increased the field water-preservation rate by 3.2%~8.1%,increased the soil porosity by 7.4%~11.3%,decreased the soil volume weight by 0.07~0.10 g/cm3 and increased the corn yield by 199.9~2 135.8 kg/hm2.The effect of adding organic manure was the best in improving the physical characteristics of soil.Moreover,adding organic manure and optimizing the fertilization increased the yield of grains significantly.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省科技厅重点攻关项目(GA08B107)
【CateGory Index】: S156.99
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