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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 1991-04
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PROGRESS IN STUDIES OF BIOLOGICAL EFFECT AND CROP BREEDING INDUCED BY ION IMPLANTATION

Yu Zenglian;Qiu Lijian;Huo Yuping Institute of Plasma Physics, Academia Sinica P. O. Box 1126, Hefei, Anhui 230031, P. R. China  
In 1986, experiment of ion implantation improvement of rice startedin our laboratory and Institute of Rice, AAAS. It was discovered thation implantation as a new mutagen caused high mutation rate of rice plantswith low damage. This method was then widely introduced for the mutationbreeding of other crops in China. In this paper, progress of biological effects and crop breeding by ioninjections was reported. General principle of the interaction between injectedions and biological materials was discribed, the biological effect inducedwith implanted ion's energy and momuntum transfering and the ion depositingin a range from a surface of the injected materials was discussed. Resultsof ion implantation in crop improvement was discribed and possible use ofion implantation in biological engineering was proposed.
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