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Study on Testing Methods for Three Forest Type's Evapotranspiration

Wan Zhihu Jiang Yuelin Li Wanlian Xu Yaqin (Department of Agronomy,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036)  
The evapotranspiration of three kinds of forest type was determined with four methods and the advantages,disadvantages and application of these methods were also analysed in this paper.Under the conditions of calm or the insufficiency of manpower,the satifying results could be gained by Energybalance method.When manpower permited and the instruments were inadequate,the accurate data were obtained by the practical measurements.The aerodynamic method was not adapt to the calm.However,in practic,one of the three methods above together with penman formula method can be used to determine the day's,season's and year's evapotranspiration of different forest types.In the paper,Energy balance method,in combination with Penman method,was chosed to calculate three kinds of forest type's annual evapotranspiration.The results showed that the broad leaf forest's was 1125 7 mm,the China fir's 1105 0 mm and the Huangshan pine's 1074 2 mm.The broad leaf forest's evapotranspiration in the north of the subtropic mountain areas was the largest and its efficacy of water regulation the best.
【CateGory Index】: S715.4
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