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《JOURNAL OF ANHUI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY》 2000-03
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Distinctive Characters and Origin of Paeoniaceae

PENG Zhen hua 1,JIANG Shou he 2 (1.Forestry Academy of China,Baijing 100091;2.Anhui Agricultural University)  
Paeoniaceae,a monomarphic family,has distinctive characters for its phylogeny in Angiosperm,such as:both of tapetum and microspore mother cell are homologous,and so are nucellus cell and macrospore mother cell;there are many macrospore mother cells.There is a stage of free nuclei in embryo development,but zygote doesn't produce cell wall in its first division;the Sect.Moutan has two different reproduction ways:obligate seed reproduction and amphitrophic reproduction;the dormitory of its embryo has two stages of epicotyl and hypocotyl;the dormitory could be end if it is treated with two temperature conditions.The family is similar to some species of Lycopdispermae.The free nuclear stage in its earlier embryo development is basically the same as that of Cycads and Ginkgo.But its embryo can't be developed directly from the pro embryo of free nuclei,this is different from that of Cycads and Ginkgo.The authors consider that the family and Gymnosperm might be in parallel evolution. China is one of the centers for species origin,development and species diversity in the world.Based on the formation and separation of pan continent,the origin time of ancient species of Paeoniaceae might be back to the carboniferous of Paleozoic,and was not later than early Mesozoic.The modern species of the family flourished in Jurassic and early Cretaceous.
【CateGory Index】: Q941
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