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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 2004-01
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Changes in Six Kinds of Enzyme Activities in Apple Fruit Inoculatedwith Colletotrichum gloeosporioides

WU Fang-fang~(1,2),TAN Gen-jia~1 (1.Department of Plant Protection, Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei,230036;2.Department of Environment Science,Nanjing Institute of Meteorology,Nanjing 210044)  
The activities of PPO, POD, PAL, PE, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase in apple fruit inoculated with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides were studied. The results showed that metabolic defense induced by the pathogen including the activities of PPO, POD, PAL, PE, chtinase and β-1,3-glucanase,and the activities of these enzymes markedly increased with increase of the time course of infection and the disease expansion. From the rot section to the edge of health , there was a decrease gradient of PAL activity. At the same time the activity of PE was induced by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Activities of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase increased significantly at the same time,and the peak of those activities appeared at 5 days after inoculation.Chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase were significantly correlated to apple fruit resistance to anthracnose. These enzymes restricted the lesion expansion.
【Fund】: 安徽省跨世纪学术与技术带头人资助项目;; 安徽省自然科学基金项目(03041404)资助。
【CateGory Index】: S436.611
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