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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 2006-04
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Analysis of rice quality characteristics under drought cultivation

WU Li-quan,HUANG Yi-de,WANG Rong-fu,HUANG Zheng-lai(School of Agronomy,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036)  
With 19 japonica rice varieties and 22 indica rice varieties as materials,the effects of drought cultivation on rice quality were studied during rice growing period.The results showed:(1)the negative correlation value between amylose content and gel consistency was significant under drought cultivation japonica rice varieties,but the correlation values between amylose content and other qualities of indica rice varieties were not significant;(2)combine the multianalysis and the main factor analysis,appearance qualities(chalkiness grain percentage X_4,translucency X_6,chalky X_5),cooking qualities(alkali-spreading value X_7,gel consistency X_8) and nutritious quality(crude protein X_(10)) of japonica rice varieties under drought cultivation had a close relationship with rice qualities,its regression equation was Y=1.485X_4-0.228X_5+0.710X_6+35.234X_7+2.646X_8+0.233X_(10)-89.552(R~2=0.934~(**));meanwhile,alkali-spreading value(X_7),head rice rate(X_3) and crude protein(X_(10))of indicia rice varieties under drought cultivation had also close relationship with rice qualities,its regression equation was Y=0.966X_3+59.683X_7+0.149X_(10)-37.972(R~2=0.503~*),and the judgment of rice qualities under drought cultivation was established.
【Fund】: 水利部重大专项(水利部淮委规计[2002]446号文件);; 国家、安徽省及合肥市“粮食丰产工程”;; 安徽农业大学校长青年基金共同资助
【CateGory Index】: S511
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