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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 2009-01
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Relationship between grain filling and kernel size,weight in RILs of wheat

YIN Bo,CHANG Cheng,ZHANG Hai-ping,FENG Ji-ming,MA Chuan-xi(School of Agronomy,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036)  
Two recombined inbred lines(RILs) from the crosses of Yumai8679/Heshangmai(RIL1) and Jing411/Hongmangchun21(RIL2) were used to study the relationship between kernel size,kernel density,filling and thousand kernel weight(TKW).The results indicated that kernel length,breadth,thickness,density had positive significant correlations with TKW in the two RILs.The significant correlation(P0.01) was occurred between kernel length and TKW in RIL1(0.732**) and RIL2(0.936**).These showed kernel weight was mainly controlled by kernel size.In our study,kernel density also had a significant correlation with TKW in RIL1(0.503**) and RIL2(0.264**).During grain filling of RIL1,the mean increase rate of kernel fresh/dry weight showed a positive correlation with kernel length(0.484**/0.578**),breadth(0.352**/0.428**),thickness(0.373**/0.402**),density(0.344**/0.358**) and TKW(0.500**/0.642**).Increase rate of dry weight at 10~15 days after anthesis(DAA) and 25~30 DAA had a significant positive correlation with kernel length,density and TKW.These results can prove the close relationship between mean increase rate of fresh/dry weight and kernel size and weight in the development of grain filling.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD01A02);; 农业种植结构调整重大技术研究专项(06-02-03B);; 公益性行业(农业)科研专项(nyhyzx07-002);; 安徽省良种优质化专项(08010301065)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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