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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 2013-04
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Analysis of antimicrobial resistance on Salmonella isolated from nonsymptomatic chickens in clinic in Hefei and its serotype and genotype

WANG Yuan-lan,LIU Jun-jun,SHAO Ying,FANG Yan-hong,WEI Jian-zhong,WANG Gui-jun,SUN Pei,LI Yu(School of Animal Science and Technology,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036)  
In order to investigate the relationship between antimicrobial resistance and serotypes,genotypes of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy chickens in Hefei,the Kirby-Bauer method was applied to determine the sensitivity of 21 strains susceptibility to 21 antibiotics,and PCR technique also was used to detect 32 kinds of drug-resistance genes,based on identified serotypes and ERIC-PCR gene-type.It was found that 100%(21/21)of the Salmonella isolates were resistant to all antibiotics by Drug Susceptibility Test;76.19%(16/21) were resistant to at least two antimicrobials among the 21 isolates,and the dominating multidrug-resistant spectrum was Penicillin G-Ampicillin-Amoxicillin-Streptomycin-Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.It was the most extensive in resistance to β-lactamase antibiotics by 100%(21/21).Meanwhile,the resistance genes could be detected from all these isolates by PCR,including blaPSE,sul1,strA,blaTEM,sul2,tetA,tetB,aph3-Ⅱa and catⅠ,and blaPSE gene was the most prevalent with the detected rate of 85.7%(8/21).It is concluded that the stronggest antimicrobial resistance to β-lactamases drugs on Salmonella isolated from apparently healthy chickens in Hefei due to the existence of blaPSE gene;antimicrobial phenotype is also related to the antimicrobial resistance genes;antimicrobial resistance is in relevant with the same sources of the same serotypes and genotypes.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑项目(2009BADB9B01);; 安徽省高等学校省级自然科学研究项目(KJ2008B056);; 安徽省家禽产业体系基金
【CateGory Index】: S858.31
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