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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 2015-02
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Evaluation of the seed traits of elite pecan(Carya illinoensis) lines

WANG Feigao;CHENG Hui;CHU Kaijiang;ZHANG Haijun;SHEN Chao;SHI Juanjuan;WANG Zhengjia;Zhejiang Shengzhou Forestry Technology Popularization Centre;Logistics Group Corporation, Zhejiang Forestry University;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Subtropical Forest Culture, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University;  
In this paper, the shelling percentage, fruit shape index, and kernel rate of 35 individual pecan(Carya illinoensis) lines from a domestic collection calculated using fruit weight, the pericarp thickness, and crude oil content were used to analyze the differences in fruit quality and other qualitative traits among individual lines. The results showed that the differences in six parameters among individual pecan lines were significant. The highest and the lowest seed weight was found in ZL57(14.55 g) and ZL13(3.53 g), respectively. ZL58 had the highest kernel rate(58.726%), followed by ZL21(56.661%) and ZL11(56.350%), and ZL56 had the lowest rate(26.208%). The highest crude oil content, total protein and total sugar content were detected in ZL11(75.95%), ZL57(9.43%) and ZL12(15.30%), respectively. A total of 18 lines had the overall score of 90 with ZL57 being the highest followed by ZL11 and ZL61. These three lines should be further evaluated. Characterization of the fruit traits of the elite pecan lines would provide valuable information for breeding adaptable pecan cultivars in the future.
【Fund】: 浙江科技厅重大项目(2011C14010);; 浙江省林业厅项目(2014B01 2010B09);; 杭州市科技局项目(20110332H21);; 浙江省重中之重林学一级学科开放基金(KF201309);; 宁海县科技项目(20120909)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: S664.1
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