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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2001-01
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APPLICATIONS OF MINERAL APATITES IN THE TREATMENT OF WASTE WATER

LIU Yu &PENG Ming-sheng (College of Earth and Environment Science, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China)  
The present paper is concerned with the applications of minearal apaties A10[XO4]6Z2. Due to the particular crystal-chemical characteristics, mineral apatites including synthetic hydroxyapatite, fluorap-atite and natural mineral carbonate-fluorapatite can be used as excellent environmental function materials for treatment of heavy-metal and F- ions in waste water. The experimental results for aqueous Cd2+, Pb2+, Fe2+, [UO2]2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cr6+, Hg2+and F-show that apatites could remove effectively most of the heavy-metal ions from solution. Take the removal of Pb2+ by natural carbonate-fluorapatite as an example. Under the conditions of room-temperature, pH = 3 and action time of ca. 60 min,the attenuation ratio is 99. 4% and attenuated Pb2+ more than 1 100 mg per 1 g sample. Removal mechanisms include ad-sorption-sorption of cations on the apatites, surface-complexation, dissolution-precipitation and ion-exchange between the aqueous cations and the lattice Ca2+. The cations attenuated could be fixed into the lattice of apatite without re-dissolving that results in secondary pollution. The major factors affecting the attenuated effect include the types of phosphorite, mineral chemical composition of apatites, pH value in the solutions, conditioning time, initial concentration of aqueous heavy-metal ions, and the sample size and amount. In general, the hydroxyapatite shows a more active property than that of fluorapatite; siliceous phosphate is more effective than calciferous phosphate; the exist of structural carbonate could increase the specific area and the activity of sample. For different cations, the optimum pH value is different; increasing of action temperature would favour the removal rate but the balance time is generally 60-180 min.
【CateGory Index】: X703
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