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ON ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ISSUES

CAI Shou-qiu (Institute of Environmental Law under State Environmental Protection Administration of China and Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)  
The present paper deals with environmental safety and security. Firstly, the concept and meaning of environmental safety are discussed. Environmental safety can be divided into two categories of technological environmental safety and political environmental security. It is considered in the present paper that environmental safety and security, in a broad sense, means the environment on which man relies for survival and development should be in a safe and sound state without any pollution and damage, and it stands for the risks of the survival and development in natural ecological environment and human ecological sense. Meanwhile, the gravity and primary expression of the contemporary environmental safety problems, including the safety concerning labor, living and ecological environment, and its reflection in the traditional field of national security and military activities are analyzed. Furthermore, that environmental safety is a key part of the concept or standpoint of sustainable development is presented. Sustainable development should meet the whole people's basic requirement that is just to defend environmental safety. Finally, the legal control of environmental safety problems in China, some other countries and international community and briefs readers on the relevant important laws and regulations governing environmental safety are analyzed.
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