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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2003-03
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AN IMPROVEMENT TO DOMESTIC WASTE COMPOSTING BY ADDING DIFFERENT BULKING AGENTS

XI Bei dou 1, LIU Hong liang 1, MENG Wei 1, HUANG Guo he 2, QIN Xiao sheng 2 (1 Department of Solid Waste Treatment, Institute of Solid Waste, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China; 2 EVSE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina S4S0A2, SK, Canada)  
This paper aims to introduce the author's research on an improved technology of domestic waste composting with four different bulking agents: sawdust, straw, leaves, and dry ordure of horse. As is known, it is a big problem to solve is to overcome the over moisture content in domestic waste in the composting process. Based on the composting experiment with a cycling reactor, the author has done a series of tests and experiments with the effect of adding bulking agents by means of general processing parameters, such as temperature, oxygen consumption rate, outlet gas (CO 2, H 2S, O 2) and photo electric microorganisms in it. The experimental results gained by the author have shown that the maximum oxygen uptake rate and the degradation rate of the substrates in Run A, B, C, D, E are 0.09 mol/h·kg and 0.006 2 kg/h·kg, 0.16 mol/h·kg and 0.012 1 kg/h·kg, 0.14 mol/h·kg and 0.011 kg/h·kg, 0.13 mol/h·kg and 0.009 4 kg/h·kg, 0.12 mol/h·kg and 0.008 8 kg/h·kg, respectively. The total quantity of degradating substrates and the optimal temperature are 35.2 kg and 58 ℃, 54.1 kg and 68 ℃, 50.1 kg and 63 ℃, 47.0 kg and 60 ℃, 45.8 kg and 61 ℃ for Run A, B, C, D and E. In addition, the composting cycles of Run A, B, C, D and E are 360 h, 160 h, 185 h, 200 h and 210 h correspondingly. The above experimental facts can prove that the method of adding bulking agents to domestic wastes the author initiated is both practicable and beneficial to enhance the composting temperature, oxygen consumption rate and H 2S gas control. It is particularly valuable and effective to add dry ordure of horse and sawdust in hoping to improve the structure and enhance the moisture holding capacity and aeration. It is also useful to increase the rate of organic degradation to improve the composting conditions. Thus, the author suggests that the method of adding bulking agents to the domestic waste composting should be developed and publicized in MSW composting process.
【CateGory Index】: X705
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