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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2003-04
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DISPOSAL AND TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE:STATE-OF-THE-ART

ZHANG Xian-sheng 1, SHEN Ji-min 1, LI Wei 1, XIE Qiang 1,2 (1 School of Chemical and Engineering Technology, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, Jiangsu, China; 2 School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China)  
A literature survey on quantity and characteristics of municipal solid waste (MSW) in typical cities all over the world, the methods and technologies available for disposal and treatment of MSW, and the progress in research and development of these technologies as well, was given in this paper. Further more, both issues and the causes resulted in these issues in management of MSW in China were discussed. It is concluded that in a rather long time in future landfill will be the dominant way in the treatment of MSW in China, meanwhile proportion of MSW disposal by means of sanitary landfill will increase gradually. Although compost of MSW will also play an important role, its application is dependent on its products' distribution. As incineration can reduce MSW volume by up to 90% and decrease MSW weight by 75%, when the following factors, such as stable increase of heating value of MSW in china, rapid decrease of land suitable for landfilling, are taken into account, it is self evident that incineration will be a promising technology for the treatment of MSW in China.
【CateGory Index】: X705
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