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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2003-06
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INVESTIGATION ON HEAVY METAL ELEMENTS DISTRIBUTION ON SURFACE WATER OF TONGLING SECTION ALONG THE YANGTSE RIVER

ZHANG Min, WANG De-shu (1 Anhui Province Environmental Monitoring Station, Hefei 230061, China; 2 Tongling Environmental Monitoring Station, Tongling 244000, Anhui, China)  
The present paper aims to introduce the author's investigation and analysis of the content and existing forms of heavy metal elements , such as copper (Cu) , lead (Pb), zinc (Zn) and cadium (Cd), in surface water of Tongling Section along Yangtse River. Our study results have shown that the amounts of their content are various in low-water and high-water seasons. In high-water season, the concentration of copper, lead and zinc existing in free ion form proves lower than in low-water season, but that of cadium proves just on the contrary. However, in the low-water season, about 80% of copper and cadium are free ions, with most of lead existing in its stable compounds. As to zinc, it appears to exit in two main forms: free ions and stable compounds. The ad-sorptive capacity of suspended particles in water to heavy metals is found to be arranged in the order :PbCuZnCd respectively though the amounts of those metals in the suspended particles,are quite different. However, in general, the present study reveals that the content of such heavy metals in the surface water has increased slightly compared with the data gained in the middle of 1980s.
【CateGory Index】: X522
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