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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2004-04
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Advances on research of perovskite catalyst for purification of motor-vehicle's exhaust (part 2)

FENG Chang-gen, ZHANG Jiang-shan, WANG Ya-jun (State Kay Laboratory of Prevention and Control of Explosion Disasters, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China)  
The present article is the continuation of the previous one entitled Part I, which aims to finish the retrospection and commentary on the up-to-date advances in the research of motor-vehicle's exhaust catalyst with perovskite being the main structure. As is known, compared with the simple transition metal ones, various pertovskite-type mixed oxides (ABO_3) enjoy the advantages of higher thermal, chemical and structural stability, and well-advanced catalytic activity. The synthetic routes have an essential effect on the physical-chemical properties, such as structure, morphology, grain size, specific surface area, catalytic activity and so on. So far as we know, great attention has been paid to improving the specific surface areas. The introduction of nanometer technique into the preparation of perovskite-type oxides not only contributes to the extension of the specific surface area, but also helps to enhance the catalytic activity simultaneously, which proves to be of greater significance. Some novel preparations prevent the catalysts from reacting with the supports, and thus extend the catalyst service life. According to the preparations, many loading processes have been developed, which, in many cases, along with the preparation, forms a system. In the last decades, the catalytic mechanism of perovskite-type oxides has been an issue of challenge. In fact, the kinetics of the catalytic reactions is far from being well understood. In many mechanisms, redox model, which was proposed by Mars and van Krevelen, has been adopted, and the adsorption and desorption of the reactants or products, and the oxygen ion vacancies actually play an important role.
【CateGory Index】: TQ426.96
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