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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2005-01
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On optimization of emergency system management

WANG Jin-feng~1, MENG Bin~(1,3), LIU Ji-yuan~1, ZHENG Xiao-ying~2(1 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences of Beijing 100101, China; 2 Institute of Population Science Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 3 College of Arts & Sciences of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100083, China)  
First the authors have made a general revision of emergency management records, then, they have given a detailed discussion on the relation among environment, emergency itself and the impact of the three main elements of emergency on the society. Since the emergencies are the events that take place unexpectedly and beyond human control, and in turn bring about negative influence on human society in somewhat unfavourable state, it is natural that the society gives active response to such emergencies. Facing such unhappy emergencies, it is of primary importance to think how to design an efficient monitoring network and raise the efficiency of the managing system. The main features of emergency include the speed of its happening, duration and the space of impact. Next, the authors category the various emergent events and the mutual relations between the disasters. Later, the authors brought out a emergency system management framework, composing with emergency hazards, human society, monitoring, risk identifying and evaluation sub-systems. The key factor in dealing with emergency hazards is to optimise these sub-systems and heighten the efficiency of the controlling system. Finally, the article has made a detailed discussion of the models of emergency identification, the perfection of monitoring network and tactics so as to optimise the resources to prevent and salvage of viable emergencies.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40471111 JJ03000101);; 973项目(2001CB5103);; 863项目(2002AA135230-1)
【CateGory Index】: X4
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