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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2005-05
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Study on emission characteristics of direct injection diesel engine fueled with fatty acid methyl ester

SI Li-zeng,BIAN Yao-zhang,ZHANG Chun-hua(School of Automobile,Chang'an University,Xi'an 710064,China)  
This paper aims to report the authors' study of the fatty acid methyl ester consisting of plant oil or animal fat in hope to improve the effectiveness and profitability of its practical application.As is known,the fatty acid methyl ester is a kind of bio-diesel that is likely to be used as fuel of diesel engine with the environment-friendly properties.The present paper has compared the properties of fatty acid methyl ester and diesel oil by conducting experiments on a four-cylinder turbo-charge direct injection diesel engine at a compression ratio of 18 and rated power of 76 kW at 3 800 r/min.When the engine is fueled with diesel oil,fatty acid methyl ester,the blended fuel consisting of fatty acid methyl ester and diesel at a ratio of 30% to 70% and 50% to 50% in weight under two working conditions.That is to say,let the engine work at its full load at the speed of 1 800 r/min and 2 200 r/min,and watch how about the engine performs its duty.While testing such behaviors as power,energy consumption,exhaust emission of HC,CO,NO_(x) and smoke,we can find that the power and fuel consumption performance of the engine are equivalent with the HC emission of the engine obviously decreased but the CO(emission) of engine appreciably increased.At the same time,the NO_(x) can be found remarkably increased when it fuels with fatty acid methyl ester.Further comparing the blended fuel with burning petroleum diesel under the two test conditions,it can be detected that the smoke are lower in conditions of full load at 1 800 r/min and 2 200 r/min and free accelerating.Thus,the experimental results show that fatty acid methyl ester can be used as an alternative to diesel oil with good performance of diesel engine and perhaps economic benefits.
【CateGory Index】: TK421.5;
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