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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2006-01
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Study on present situation of soil fertility in banana gardens of Hainan and its changingtendency

LIAO Zhi-qi, LIN Dian, ZHENG Li-yan, CHENG Ning-ning,ZHU Zhi-qiang(Department of Agricultural Resources Environment, South ChinaUniversity of Tropical Agricultural, Danzhou 571737, Hainan, China)  
The present paper aims to report the authors' investigation of the present stuation of soil fertility in banana gardens of Hainan and its changing tendency. In the hope to know the influence of the planting on the soil fertility and particularly the fertility due to banana planting, we have collected 57 soil samples and 20 contrast samples from 5 areas in Hainan, and assayed the pH, the content of organic matter and the content of quick-act N, P, K, the changeable Ca, Mg and availability S, Cu, Zn and B. The conclusions we have gained from the investigation can be stated as follows: 1) The soil fertility levels are quite different from farm to farm for different levels of management and farming methods. On the whole the soil fertility levels are quite low particularly in Ledong area, which is very poor. 2) The pH level in the soil in banana gardens has been reduced for 0.27 to 0.91, the content of organic matter reduced for 0.9 to 6.3 g/kg, alkali-dispeled N reduced for 0.72 to 22.75 g/kg, while quick-acting P has increased for 17.4 to 1552.4 percents and quick-acting K increased to 161.94 to 312.18 g/kg; the content of changeable Ga has increased by 0.39 to 3.94 cmol(+)/kg. As to quick-acting S , it has increased with 1.52 to 43.00 g/kg with changeable Mg reduced for 0.01 to 0.15 cmol(+)/kg. At the same time, the content of quick-acting Cu has increased with 0.16 to 1.49 g/kg, but quick-acting Zn has reduced for 0.10 to 2.04 g/kg with quick-acting B dropping for 0.01 to 0.04 g/kg.
【CateGory Index】: S668.1
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