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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2006-02
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Water environmental health risk assessment of Xiangjiang River

SUN Shu-qing, HU Guo-hua, WANG Yong-ze, LI Cheng(School of River & Ocean Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410076, China)  
The present paper introduces the author's research of the water environmental health risk assessment for the main reaches of Xiangjiang River, the most important river areas in Hunan province, based on the model for water environmental health risk analysis recommended by USEPA and the monitoring data in the year 2000. The result of the research shows that the greatest health risk to the individual person per year in terms of non-carcinogens through drinking is Pb, followed by Hg. And the greatest health risk for individual person per year in terms of carcinogens are As and Cd which are higher than the standard 5.0×10 -5 a -1 recommended by ICRP. Thus it can be seen that the health risk for the individual person caused by chemical carcinogens is far greater than non-carcinogens, to which must be paid much greater attention. Another fact found from the experiment is that the water quality of Xiangjiang River above Fengxi in Zhuzhou proves better, but that of Xiangjiang River lower than Zhouzhu proves worse. The most heavily polluted section is Songbai section in Hengyang. Its greatest health risk to individual person per year can be ten times as high as the standard value recommended by ICRP, which are in the sections at Xiawan in Zhuzhou, Wuxing section in Xiangtan and Sanchaji section in Changsha, twice higher than the value recommended by ICRP. Thus, it can be seen that the reach of River Xiangjiang from Hengyang to Changsha are the key to the water pollution control and treatment of the whole River. The application experiment results show that the assessment models can both describe quantitatively and qualitatively the seriousness of the pollution on the public health and the risk of the entire social environment. Though the Environmental Health Risk Assessment (EHRA) is not required in the environmental assessment for the time being in China, it should be included in the environmental assessment. Therefore, the EHRA is a new assessment method.
【Fund】: 湖南省软科学研究计划项目(04ZH3068);; 湖南省教育厅科学研究项目(02C229);; 湖南省重大水利科技项目(05SL04)
【CateGory Index】: X824.04
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