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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2006-03
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Biological effects on Chinese cabbage and critical concentration of Ni application in the calcareous soil

MA Jian-jun1, YU Feng-ming1, ZHU Jing-tao2, ZHANG Shu-xia2, LIU Yong-jun3(1 Scientific Research Office;2 Analysis and Testing Center;3 Department of Life Science, Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology,Qinhuangdao 066004, Hebei, China)  
The present article aims to introduce the authors' investigation and research of the biological effect of Ni application on the Chinese cabbage growth in the calcareous soil. It has also proved that the critical concentration of Ni content in the soil as a pollutant by the cabbage's biomass variation, its available amount of content in the stems and leaves as well as in the soil. The results show that no obvious advantage was found in the cabbage's biomass when Ni was applied in the calcareous soil. If Ni was applied lower then 25 mg/kg, the biomass of the cabbage would show a little decrease. However, when the amount of Ni applied to the soil increased, its biomass decreased significantly. Thus, it can be seen that there exists a negative relation between biomass. variation and Ni content. On the other hand, when the content of Fe, Mn, Ca and Mg in the stems, leaves and roots increased, its content of Cu and Zn would decrease with Ni applied to the soil. The experiment has thus proved that when the four different kinds of extracting solvents were used, high positive correlation was found to exist between the available Ni content in the soil and Ni absorbed by the plant. The phenomenon thus reflects its harm degree to the plant. Among all of the extracting solvents used in this experiment, DTPA gave the better extraction effect. Based on the biomass significant reduction, the critical concentration of Ni in the calcareous soil has thus been confirmed as follows: the content of Ni available and total in the soil were 2.55 mg/kg (DTPA) and 41.86 mg/kg respectively, and Ni in stems and leaves was 22.39 mg/kg.
【Fund】: 河北省教育厅科学基金资助项目(2003242)
【CateGory Index】: S634.3
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