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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2006-05
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Effects of water control on rice growth and its intake of cadmium on Cd contaminated soil

ZHANG Li-na1,ZONG Liang-gang1,FU Shi-jing1, SHEN Zhen-guo2(1 College of Resources and Environmental Science,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China;2 College of Life Science,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China)  
The present article is aimed at reporting the authors' pot rice-growing experiments in hoping to investigate the effects of different ways of water control on rice yields and its intake of Cd,that is,continuous flooding,dry cultivation and mid-way drainage in different growing stages.The results of our experiments indicate that dry cultivation brings about remarkable effects on the rice growth and brings about the lowest yields.Compared with the continuous flooding,dry cultivation tends to decrease the rice yields by 28.74%.On the other hand,continuous flooding tends to bring about relatively higher yields,but not the highest.Drainage at tillering and filling periods could increase the rice yields more remarkably than continuous flooding,that is,by 14.58% vs.10.27%.The content of Cd in brown rice proves the least with the continuous flooding,while the dry cultivation and midseason drainage in different growing stages tend to increase its content in brown rice,which appears most obviously with dry cultivation.In our experiments,dry cultivation has brought about an increase of Cd content as high as by 166.31%.On the other hand,the influence on Cd content in brown rice with the mid-way drainage proves weakest.Thus,it can be concluded that continuous flooding is the most favorable to be chosen as a cultivation method on Cd contaminated soil,with the drainage cultivation following.In addition,dry cultivation is also likely to affect rice growth with an obvious increase of the Cd content,for which it is unfavorable to be chosen on Cd contaminated soil.
【Fund】: 江苏省社会发展项目“土壤污染控制及修复技术的开发应用研究”(BS2003029)
【CateGory Index】: S511;X173
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