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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2006-06
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Present situation of soil heavy metals in banana gardens of Hainan and its changing tendency

LIN Dian,WANG Li-hua,ZHANG Yong-fa(Department of Agricultural Resources Environment,South ChinaUniversity of Tropical Agriculture, Danzhou 571737,Hainan,China)  
The present paper is concerned with the current situation of the heavy-metal content of soil in Hainan's banana plantations and its changing trend.In hoping to expose the effect of the banana cultivation,especially the fertilizer application on the heavy-metal content,49 soil samples from the banana plantations and 18 contrast samples have been collected from the following five areas, i.e.,Danzhou,Lingao,Dongfang,Ledong and Changjiang.The content of Cu,Zn, Hg,Cd,Ni and Pb in the above samples has been analyzed.As a result,for the banana cultivation soil,the content of Cu has increased by 0.02-24.24 mg/kg; while Zn is by 6.3-58.2 mg/kg;Ni is raised by 2.81-6.40 mg/kg whereas Cd is by 0.09-0.45 mg/kg.At the same time,Hg has increased by 0.01-0.04 mg/kg;however,Pb has lowered by 0.32-7.88 mg/kg.Comparing the analytic data to the state soil environment quality standard,the content of Cu,Zn,Hg and Pb can be taken as below the second level.But with Cd,the content of 79.6% in the plantation samples and Ni content of 24.3% with the samples higher than that of the corresponding second state level.But,generally speaking,except some few areas,the content of Hg,Pb and Ni remains within the safe scope of the pollution tolerance,but the content of Cd remains higher than the contrasted soil,which suggests necessity for profound studies in the future.
【Fund】: 农业部948项目(2003-Z32B);; 农业结构调整重大技术研究专项项目(04-08-01A)
【CateGory Index】: S668.1
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