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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2008-02
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Heavy metal content and the ecological risk warning assessment of the vegetable land-soil near the tailing-areas of molybdenum ore

QU Jiao1,WANG Hong-yu2,YUAN Xing3,CONG Qiao1,ZHANG Hong-wei1(1 Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Bohai University,Jinzhou 121000,Liaoning,China;2 Jinzhou Substation of Tank Volume-Metering Station,Jinzhou 121000,Liaoning,China;3 School of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Northeast Normal University,Changchun 130024,China)  
This paper is to study the vegetable soil' s ecological problems around the tailing-areas of molybdenum ore so as to make a proper ecological risk warning assessment.For our research purpose,we have chosen 20 soil samples polluted near the tailing-areas of molybdenum ore.All the samples were treated with HNO3-HF-HClO4 and let exposed to the contents of Mo,Pb,As,Hg,Cr,Cd,Zn,Cu,Ni respectively and then analyzed by ICP-AES.At the same time,we have also analyzed the concurrent forms of the heavy metals.As a result of analysis,it has been found that the ecological risk warning assessment can be quantitatively expressed in an equation form of IER=80.62,with the heavy metal distribution forms being:residual morphologyorganic associated morphologyoxidation associated morphologyacid extractable morphology(Pb,Zn oxidation associated morphologyorganic associated morphology,Hg organic associated morphology=acid extractable morphologyoxidation associated morphology).Thus,it can be concluded that the pollution of the above said soils belong to the heavy degree while the soils pollution in the near-mining areas were mainly polluted by the Cd,Hg,Cr along with Zn,Ni,and Cu.Moreover,the more remarkable existence of Hg acid extractable morphology tends to affect the growth of crops more seriously.Besides,the accumulated heavy metal release from the tailings mine,the pollution of underground water as well the overuse of chemical pesticides can also be found affecting the normal growth of the crops.
【Fund】: 教育部科学技术研究重点资助项目(03058);; 辽宁省教育厅科学技术研究项目(2006032)
【CateGory Index】: X53
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