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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2008-05
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Comprehensive assessment methods in environment assessment

FENG Chang-gen,LI Yan-zhou(State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology,Beijing Institute of Technology,Beijing 100081,China)  
This article is to present a detailed review over some generally used comprehensive environment assessment methods updated in recent years.As an area of paramount fundamental scientific testing and evaluation practices,environment assessment has been playing more and more important role in the sustainable development of our country in politics and economy,culture and education,as well as in our social life for the purpose of protecting and improving,or as is often said,heightening the quality of our living conditions.As a matter of fact, environmental assessment tends to evolve from simple mono-factor assessment to the comprehensive ones by using multiple factors in recent years.The assessment methods have been becoming more and more objective,rational and both quantitative-and qualitative-oriented to satisfy the great need of calculating and monitoring all sorts of complicated statistical data and variable factors so as to overcome the unavoidable interferences of some lopsided information and superficial distortions.It is just for the above reasons,statistical theory and simulated mathematical models,such as fuzzy mathematics,grey system theory,analytic hierarchy process,set pair analysis as well as the remote-sensing technology of geographic information systems are more and more emphasized so as to heighten the scientific value of such assessments.
【CateGory Index】: X820
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