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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2009-04
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Research on the optimization of the emergency point layout for industrial zone base on NSGA-Ⅱ

LI Dong-xue,LIU Mao(Center for Urban Public Safety Research of Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China)  
This paper takes it as its main objectives to fully consider the various influential factors of the given area in the locality opti- mization in establishing an emergency point layout,which is expected to be popular for industrial authorities.Actually,it is both realistic and desirable to make such a kind of emergency point layout opti- mization for industrial zones.For the given purpose,we have put for- ward a multiple-objective and multiple-constraint mathematical model by taking into full account all the influential factors.In doing so,we have converted the traditional single-objective optimization of emer- gency point layout into a multiple-objective one.In our proposed model,cost,emergency time and number of emergency points can be taken as the optimal targets and given constraints simultaneously.The problem can thus be solved by NSGA-II,a new muhiple-objective generic algorithm for the purpose.By means of the algorithm,it.is possible to produce a series of Pareto-optimal solutions as a result of filtering out so-called dominant solutions to restrict the number of ex- pected solution candidates to the minimum.As one of the advan- tages,the given solution sets enjoy a uniform distribution as well as nice property of convergence and robustness.The final satisfactory solution can be gained by the decision-maker in accordance with the system demands,which can provide an effective tool for measuring the performance of different objective functions.In addition,alterna- tive techniques both from the GA field and from other meta-heuristic areas have been investigated and compared to NSGA-II.The model can thus be used for practical application,enabling the decision-mak- ers to verify their decisions by comparing it with the output of the model.Combining the proposed model with the emergency point lay- out optimization of an industrial zone with six operation zones,this paper has succeeded in validating the algorithm,whose results agree well with the actual situation.Thus it can be seen that the model is appropriate as well as available for multiple-objective emergency point optimization in industrial zone planning.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划(200603746006)
【CateGory Index】: R459.7
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