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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2010-03
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On the effects of different organic modified clays on removing Chattonella marina

YAN Xin-ya,YANG Wei-dong,TAN Shao-zao,LI Hong-ye, YU De-ren,LIU Jie-sheng (College of Life Science and Technology,Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632,China)  
The paper is to report our research findings on the effects of different organic modified clays on removing Chattonella marina. As a matter of fact, the clays modified by tetradecyl quaternary ammonia may have different substituent groups, such as trimethyl, dimethyl phenmethyl and dimethyl ethide.However, all of them have similar removing efficiencies, though the substituent groups may suggest weaker effect on the quaternary ammonia in their algaecide activities of the modified clays.On the contrary, among the modified clays assayed, the clays with tetradecyl tributyl phosphonium bromide and ditetradecyl dimethyl ethide ammonium bromide prove to have the highest removing efficiency.In addition, the LC_(50) of 120 h of the two modified clays against C.marina was 6.11 mg/L and 6.13 mg/L, respectively, indicating that the two modified clays could remove the algae under low mass concentrations.Low toxicities of these two modified clays were shown in the acute toxicity tests of B.rerio.None of B.rerio were killed in 96 h after being exposed to the two modified clays at the mass concentration of 10-100 mg/L, though some differences in toxicity to M.mongolica could be exited between them. Therefore, it is obvious that the clay modified by tetradecyl tributyl phosphonium bromide lends to be less toxic to M.mongolica than that of modified by ditetradecyl dimethyl ethide ammonium bromide. Combining the high removal efficiency on C.marina and low toxicity to B.rerio and M.mongolica , it would probably be reasonable to believe that the clay modified by tetradecyl tributyl phosphonium bromide should be better a favorable choice to control harmful algal blooms (HABs) for its high efficiency but low toxicity to the fishery. However, further studies are awaited to prove the hypothesis we have proposed in the future in an open aqua-ecosystem.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金-广东省联合基金重点项目(U0733006);; 国家自然科学基金项目(20676049;20871058);; 广东省科技计划项目(2009B030803042);; 广州市环保局项目(2008-07)
【CateGory Index】: X55
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