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《Journal of Bengbu Medical College》 1981-01
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PREPARATON OF CADION AND ITS APPLICATION IN MICROCHEMICAL ANALYSIS

Shen Naikuei Department of Chemistry, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Wei Fungs heng Qi Qiping Departmen t of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China  
The preparation of cadion is briefly described and its application in microchemical analysis is reviewed in this paper. Cadion has been recommended as a sensitive reagent for the detection of Cd2+、 Mg2 + and Hg2+ as well as for the spectrophotometric determination of Cd2+、 Hg2+、 Pd2 + and Ag+. Cadmium has been determined spectrophotometrically with cadion method in zinc metal, aluminium alloy, industrial waste water, food, foodstuff coloring material and plant in the presence of gelatin or polyvinylpyrrolidinone as protective colloid. cadmium has been recently determined by dual-wavelength spectrophotmetry with cadion, and a non-ionic surfactant, Triton X-100. A combination of triethanolamine, iminodiacetate and citrate is very effective for masking interfering ions. Cadmium in zinc metal can be determined without prior separation. The apparent molar absorptivity is 3.2×105, and the Sandell sensitivity is 0.33 ng/cm2 for 0.001 absorbance, which is superior to that of other reagents for cadmium except α、 β、 γ、 δ-tetra-phenylporphinetri-sulfonic acid ( 0.26ng/cm2 ) . An extraction-photometric determination of mercury (Ⅱ) with cadion has been developed. The stability constant and molecular structure of the complex of mercury are determined from absorption spectra, and elemental and thermogravimetric analysis. A new method for determining silver based upon the formation of ternary complex of silver, 1,10-phenanthroline and cadion has been investigated at present time, which has some advantages over that of dithizone and rhodanine method with respect to its higher sensitivity, better selectivity and simpler manipulation.
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