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《Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering》 2008-02
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Analysis of Flees for Life Model during a Fire in Underground Business Street

ZENG Sheng,MA Xiao-qian,LIAO Yan-fen(College of Electric Power,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510640,China)  
The critical conditions and characteristics of evacuation from underground business street under fire were analyzed.An evacuating model was designed and a primary method for calculating the safe evacuation time was presented.With one business street as an example,the necessary safe evacuation time was obtained and the critical density of the safe evacuation was found.The results show that there will be an jam at the stairs entrances and along the stairs when the population density reaches 0.5 people per square meter,where people become in disorder;meanwhile,the width of the staircase from the evacuation corridor to the safety room would be the bottleneck in the evacuation procedure and the time passing it takes more than 80% of the total evacuation time.The evacuation ability of stairs mainly is subjected to the personnel's flows and the valid width of stairs.According to the calculation results,the methods and measures were presented for this case.
【Fund】: 广州市建设科技发展基金(项目编号:(2006)06)
【CateGory Index】: TU922
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