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《Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering》 2009-S2
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The Effects of Systematic Bolts in Large Span and Double-arch Tunnel

WANG Xin1,ZHANG Qing-he1,LIU Xiao-bing21.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of Education,Tongji University, Shanghai 200092,China;2.School of Civil and Architectural Engineering,Central South University,Changsha 410075,China)  
The setting of systematic bolts is mostly based on the engineering analogy and the numerical analysis is also adopted.In this paper,combined with in-situ monitoring data,the effect of systematic bolts is actively discussed by contrasting two different cases with using,or not using bolts via the Finite Difference Software FLAC 2D.Numerical calculation results of inner force within lining and bolts,plastic zones,deformations in rock and lining were presented.From the numerical results,it can be found that bolts which were set in top of the middle wall have the lower inner force,the bolts under middle wall or side wall mostly bear pressure;bolts can not reduce the lining inner force distinctly and improve the plastic zones in surround rocks;according to the present design method,the systematic bolts are designed with waste.
【CateGory Index】: U455.71
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