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《Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering》 2010-05
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Effects of Excavation of Lower Bench on the Reserved Deformation in the Bench Method

Wang Peng (Shanxi Provincial Plan and Survey Design Institute of Communications,Taiyuan 030006,China)  
When tunnel is under construction,the excavation outline of the tunnel can be predicted exactly by the rational account of reserved deformation,which is also benefit to tunnel surrounding rock deformation and decrease of its stress.In this paper,the major influential factors of reserved deformation are discussed when tunnel is built with the bench method.According to the association method of in-situ measurement and numerical simulation,the rational account of reserved deformation is suggested,when tunnel is built with the bench method.The results show that the deformation caused by excavation of the lower bench is an important component of the total deformation in the surrounding rock,and can reach 50% of the total.For the reserved deformation,full attention must be paid to the deformation caused by excavation of the lower bench.The work presented here can be referred in similar projects.
【CateGory Index】: U455.4
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