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《Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering》 2012-04
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Research on Blasting Vibration Control of Subway Shallow Tunnel Excavation

Xue Li1,Shi Longyan2,Sun Fufeng2(1.China Academy of Railway Sciences,Beijing 100081,China;2.Erchu Co.,Ltd.of China Railway Tunnel Group,Beijing 101601,China)  
Taking the project of Qingdao subway tunnel project as the background,this paper studies and proposes measures on how to control vibration which appear in shallow tunnel blasting.Through surface vibration vector resultant velocity detection and data analysis of different locations after excavation into the tunnel,the paper got vibration characteristics of the surface and attenuation law which induced by different types of hole when excavated and blasted shallow tunnel,and thus proposed blasting damping measures.Experimental and analytical results show: the different blasting types of excavating face decide its attenuation law,with the number of blasting initiation section increasing,K value of the attenuation formula decreases gradually;α,which is determined by the geological conditions remains unchanged;according to the size and variation law of K,α values are used to adjust cutting programs,improve the initiation blasting order,reduce the role of bursting folder,at last blasting vibration reduced obviously.Qingdao subway tunnel had the whole section excavation,as the number of segments increased,the value of attenuation parameters K decreased from 68 to 26,α value was between 1.4 and 1.6.
【CateGory Index】: U455.6
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