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《Acta Academiae Medicinae Qingdao Universitatis》 2009-06
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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIFESTYLE AND OBESITY

XU HAN-PENG,WANG XIN-TONG,CHI NAI-CHUN,et al(Department of Physical Education,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071,China)  
Objective To study the relationship between lifestyle and obesity. Methods According to cluster random sampling principle,2 398 people in Qingdao area aged from 20 to 59 years were recruited for answering questionnaires and physical tests.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association lifestyle with obesity. Results The morbidity of obesity in adult was 12.7% in Qingdao,of which,14.4% were male and 11.0% female,the difference of obesity morbidity between male and female was statistically significant(χ2=6.24,P0.05).Single factor logistic regression analysis showed that obesity was associated with age(OR=1.535,P0.001),alcohol drinking(OR=0.961,P0.001),diet(OR=0.996,P0.001),hours of sleep(OR=0.720,P0.01),sleep quality(OR=1.376,P0.01),weekly working hours(OR=0.603,P0.01),sitting time per day(OR=1.078,P0.01) and physical exercise(OR=0.940,P0.001).Among all the influencing factors,sleep quality was negatively correlated with obesity.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed the independent risk factors of obesity were age(OR=2.274,P0.001),alcohol drinking(OR=1.582,P0.01),diet(OR=1.874,P0.001),sleep quality(OR=1.158,P0.001),sitting time per day(OR=1.718,P0.01) and physical exercise(OR=0.851,P0.001). Conclusion Age,high-fat and high-salt diet,regular alcohol consumption,long-time sitting and lack of physical exercise are important factors leading to obesity.
【CateGory Index】: R589.2
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