PROFESSOR CHU KO-CHEN AND GLACIOLOGY IN CHINA
Shi Yafeng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica)
Professor Chu Ko-chen ( 1890-1974 ) , the late vice-president of Acade-mia Sinica, devoted his whole life to the development of geosciences in China, included also the establishment of glaciology in China, In 1958, he first supported the founding of the first Glacier Investigation Group of the Academia Sinica. In 1965, under his direction the working program of the newly estaplished Institute of Glaciology, Cryopedology and Desert Research was prepared.With the phenological records in Chinese history, he determined the existence of cold period in China in the 17th century corresponding to the Little Ice Age of Europe and pointed out that the snowline at Sailimu Lake in Tian Shan in the 13th century was lower than that at present by 200-300m. He holds that the existence of Quaternary glaciers in East China is impossible, except in some high mountains.