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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1983-04
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Distribution of Snow Cover in China

Li Peiji and Mi Desheng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica)  
Based on the climatic data of 1600 stations up to 1980, and on the latest aerial maps and ERTS images, the map of duration of snow cover in China has been prepared at a scale of 1: 4000000. In this paper, we discussed the distribution of snow cover of China. On annual average of snow covet days, China is divided into five regions. The snow cover area of China amounts to 900× 104 km2. 1.Regions permanently covered by snow and ice have a total area of 5.65× 104 km2, with 365 snow cover days. 2.Regions of stable seasonal snow cover, 420× 104 km2, including the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau (except the Northern plateau of Xizang and the Qaidam basin), the Northeast China and the Nei Monggol, the North Xinjiang and Tianshan mountain with over 60 snow cover days. 3.Regions of unstable seasonal snow cover have a area of 480× 104 km2 in China: (1) Distinct regular unstable snow cover areas, from 10 to 60 snow cover days mostly in winter; (2) Regions of irregular and unstable snow cover,snow cover occurred in some years but not in other years. 4.Regions without snow cover only 55× 104 km2.
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