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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1984-01
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Preliminary Study on Quaternary Climate in China

Guo Xudong (Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica)  
On the basis of geological observations and laboratory analysis on the paleoclimatic indicators, including botanical pollen, paleosol, snowline, timberline, etc., the author of this paper has come to reconstruct the Quaternary climate of China as follows: ( 1 ) Under the influence of a world-wide Quaternary climatic change, the climatic environmental region in China can be divided into two distinct large areas; the glacial West part and non-glacial East part. In glacial area, the change of climate is from ice age to interglacial period, while in non-glacial area the change of climate is from cold to warm, which is quite different from that in glacial region. ( 2 ) During Pleistocene glaciations,a temperature depression of 10-131℃ lower than today in central Himalaya range has been deduced on the basis of the snowline depression. In the Qomolangma glaciation, a temperature depression of 3 - 4 ℃ occurred in central Himalaya and 4 - 8℃ occured in other alpine mountain regions. ( 3 ) During Pleistocene warm period, temperature was about 8-12℃ higher than today. In the postglacial interval of maximum warmth (optimum period ) the average annual temperature was about 3 - 4 ℃ higher than today. ( 4 ) Judging from the change of botany, snowline, timberline and periglacial climate on the basis of the permafrost,it shows that no glacia- tion ever existed in the middle-lower ranges or hill and plain in the East of China. Therefore, Periglacial and interperiglacial existed there rather than glaciers.
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