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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1984-01
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A Preliminary Discussion on Influence of Tarim Basin upon the Glacier Development in Southern Tian Shan Mountains

Wang Zongtai and Han Yuanjie (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica)  
The southern part of Tian Shan Mountains is located on the northern border of the great,dry and sultry Tarim Basin and situated on the northern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau where the high pressure takes a downward depression. Those two factors seem to be unfavorable for glacier development. But however, the glaciers here have a size greater than all the others in the central part of Tian Shan Mountains. The author of this paper discussed and suggested that a special local circular current between the southern Tian Shan and the Tarim Basin has made the change. During the summer period ( May to September ) there exists SW current flowing toward the southern slope of the southern Tian Shan Mountains at the 800mb-700mb layer. Meantime there is a thick wet layer over the Basin due to the convergence effect of the warm pressure, and a closing humid center above the western part of the Basin forms. Consequently, the local SW current brings up the warm vapour to alpine region of the mountains, and creates local rainfall, which joins with the west wind trough and the cold air mass from the north and forms the material basis for the large scale development of glaciers in this region. This local SW current is the joint product of the specific landform of the Basin and the thermal and dynamical effects of the desert ground surface. The convergence of the warm low pressure at the bottom and the down depression divergence of the warm high pressure over the top ( tilt to the NE ) are important to the development of glaciers. This problem is worth for further study.
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