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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1985-02
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A Study of Ice Temperature in No. 1 Glacier in the Urumqi River Headwaters, Tianshan

Ren Jiawen, Zhang Jinhua and Huang Maohuan (Lanzhou Institute of Gladology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica)  
21 bore holes, from 13 to 35m in depth, were drilled in 1981 and 1982 on No. 1 Glacier in the Urumqi River headwaters, Tianshan. Temperature in bore holes was measured about once in ten days in summer and nearly once a month in winter from June 1982 to March 1983. A semi empirical heat transfer formula was verified with the temperature data and applied to calculate the annual equilibrium temperature of the active layer. It is shown that the temperature of the active layer reached the lowest in the middle upper ablation area. In the accumulation area there was a negative temperature gradient from over ten to several tens metres deep and the temperature at the lower boundary in active layer was-much higher than that in the ablation area for large amount of melt water percolates into the snowlayer. A map showing the distribution of the temperature at the lower boundary in active layer was shown. Temperature in the deep layer was calculated by three analytic solutions of the steady state heat transfer equation. Analyzing the calculated results shows that the formulas should be taken according to local condition. The estimated temperature of the glacier bottom was at the melting point in some sites, but not in others. It was supposed that at the lower reaches of the west branch of the glacier there are conditions for basal sliding.
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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4 LI Zhen~(1),YAO Tan-dong~(1,2),TIAN Li-de~(1,2),XU Bai-qing~(1,2),WU Guang-jian~(1),ZHU Guo-cai~(1)S, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China );Borehole Temperature at the Ice-core Drilling Site in the Muztag Ata Glacier, East Pamirs[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2004-03
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 Ren Jiawen, Huang Maohuan (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopcdology, Academia Sinica);HEAT TRANSFER WITHIN GLACIAL ACTIVE LAYER——Taking No.5 Glacier, Yanglong River,Qilian Shan, as an Example[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1981-03
2 Huang Maohuan, Wang Zhongxiang and Ren Jiawen (Lanzhou Institute of Gladology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinca);ICE TEMPERATURE OF GLACIERS IN CHINA[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-01
3 Wang Zhongxiang ( Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopcdology, Acadcmia Sinica );A PRELIMINARY SURVEY ON THE ICE CAVE OF THE GLACIER N0.1 AT THE SOURCE OF URUMQI RIVER, TIAN SHAN[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1983-01
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Huang Maohuan, Wang Zhongxiang and Ren Jiawen (Lanzhou Institute of Gladology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinca);ICE TEMPERATURE OF GLACIERS IN CHINA[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-01
2 Huang Maohuan, Sun Zuozhe (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology,Academia Sinica);SOME FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF CONTINENTAL-TYPE GLACIERS IN CHINA[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-02
3 Ren Jiawen (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica);The Ice Temperature of Bogda Fan-Shaped Diffluence Glacier in Bogda Area, Tian Shan[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1983-03
4 Wang Zhongxiang, Song Genhai and Li Gang (Lanzhou, Institute o f Glaciolog y and Geocryology, Academia Sinica);Observation and Experiment on inner Flow Characteristics of Glacier No. 1 in the Urumqi River Headwaters,Tianshan——Investigation on Artificial Tunnel, Part 1[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1985-02
5 Cao Meisheng and M F Meier (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;t Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorade, U.S.A.);Calculation of Glacial Longitudinal Sections Under Stable Conditions—Glacier No. 1 at the Headwater of the Urumqi River, Tianshan Mt.as an Example[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1987-02
6 HUANG Mao huan (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China);Forty Year's Study of Glacier Temperature in China[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1999-03
7 LI Zhen~(1),YAO Tan-dong~(1,2),TIAN Li-de~(1,2),XU Bai-qing~(1,2),WU Guang-jian~(1),ZHU Guo-cai~(1)S, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China );Borehole Temperature at the Ice-core Drilling Site in the Muztag Ata Glacier, East Pamirs[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2004-03
8 LIU Ya-ping, HOU Shu-gui, REN Jia-wen, WANG Ye-tang, GEN Zhi-xin(Key Laboratory of Cryosphere and Environment,CAREEEI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China);Distribution Features of Borehole Temperatures in the Miaoergou Flat-topped Glacier,East Tianshan Mountains[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2006-05
9 Dai Zhonghong Guo Yongxiang Yang Jincheng (NO.1 Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology Brigade of Fujian Province);DISCUSSION ON GEOCHEMICAL ANOMALIES IN ZHANGZHOU GEOTHERMAL SURVEYING AREA[J];;1988-03
10 Ji Kecheng He Huizhi (China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074 );SUPERFICIAL ANALYSIS OF GLACIAL STRUCTURE[J];;1988-06
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Xie Zichu (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica);MASS BALANCE OF GLACIERS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH CHARACTERISTICS OF GLACIERS[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1980-04
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3 Ren Jiawen, Huang Maohuan (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopcdology, Academia Sinica);HEAT TRANSFER WITHIN GLACIAL ACTIVE LAYER——Taking No.5 Glacier, Yanglong River,Qilian Shan, as an Example[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1981-03
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6 Huang Maohuan, Wang Zhongxiang and Ren Jiawen (Lanzhou Institute of Gladology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinca);ICE TEMPERATURE OF GLACIERS IN CHINA[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-01
7 Shi Yafeng, Ting Tewen, Fu Liendi (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica);THE NUMERICAL FORECASTING MODEL OF THE TERMINAL CHANGES IN THE BATURA GLACIER[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-01
8 Shi Yafeng, Wang Zongtai & Liu Chaohai (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology,Academia Sinica);PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS OF GLACIER INVENTORY IN CHINA[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-02
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【Secondary References】
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4 YE Bai-sheng, DING Yong-jian, LIU Chao-hai (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China);Response of Valley Glaciers in Various Size and Their Runoff to Climate Change[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2001-02
5 LI Zhi-jun,QU Yue-xia,SHENZhao-wei, WANG Yong-xue, LI Guang-wei (State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian Liaoning 116024, China);Flexural Strength of DUT-1 Synthetic Model Ice[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2001-02
6 PU Jian chen, YAO Tan dong, WANG Ning lian, DUAN Ke qin, ZHU Guo cai, YANG Mei xue (Key Laboratory of Ice Core and Cold Regions Environment, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China);The Distribution of 80-m Ice Temperature in Puruogangri Ice Field on the Tibetan Plateau[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-03
7 WU Guang-jian, YAO Tan-dong, XU Bai-qing, LI Zhen, BAO Han-zhanganzhou Gansu 730000, China);Ice-core Borehole Temperature in the Muztag Ata, East Pamirs[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2003-06
8 LI Zhen~(1),YAO Tan-dong~(1,2),TIAN Li-de~(1,2),XU Bai-qing~(1,2),WU Guang-jian~(1),ZHU Guo-cai~(1)S, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China );Borehole Temperature at the Ice-core Drilling Site in the Muztag Ata Glacier, East Pamirs[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2004-03
9 LIU Ya-ping, HOU Shu-gui, REN Jia-wen, WANG Ye-tang, GEN Zhi-xin(Key Laboratory of Cryosphere and Environment,CAREEEI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China);Distribution Features of Borehole Temperatures in the Miaoergou Flat-topped Glacier,East Tianshan Mountains[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2006-05
10 SONG Bo1,HE Yuan-qing1,2,PANG Hong-xi1,LU Aigang1,ZHAO Jin-dong1,NING Bao-ying1,YUAN Ling-ling1,ZHANG Zhong-lin1(1.State Key Laboratory of Cryosphere Science,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,Beijing 100085,China);Identifying Automatically the Debris-covered Glaciers in China's Monsoonal Temperate-Glacier Regions Based on Remote Sensing and GIS[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2007-03
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