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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1986-01
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The Distribution Characteristic of Permafrost of Tongtian River Basin on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and Its Growth Tendency in Melting Area

Huang Dating ( Chengdu Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica )  
Tongtian River Basin is located in the centre of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, with such characteristics as high elevation, low pressure, severe cold and changable climate, and long-term freeze. It should be suitable for growing permafrost, it is not the case, however. Despite all this,in Tongtian River Basin the melting area is extensively distributed.Even if in permafrost areas,there are some melting areas formed as island. The characters that they can be different from the neighbouring areas are: The average annual ground temperature is -0.3 —— -0.4℃ their thickness is 15-25m and they are unsteady and no thick ground ice. The author considers that the formation of vast melting area is closely related to its relief, landforms and rock features, as well as to cold and changeable climate, spacious valley,wide and shallow river bed,developing meanders, bare and coarse ground surface and hydrogeologic conditions, but it is the result of the regional crustal movement. Analysing the data, the climate of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau is tending to cold.Therefore the melting areas will gradually recede, i.e. the distribution of melting areas would be reducing from now on.
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