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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1986-02
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Where Are the Former Glacial Relics in Guilin Area ?

Shi Yafeng, Cui Zhijiu, Li Jijun and Zhou Shangzhe (Lanzhou Institute of Glaoiology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica Department of Geography,Beijing University; Department of Geography Lanzhou University)  
Since the 40's of this century, the glacial hypothesis, proposed by Mr. Sun Dian-qing et al. to explain some geomorphological features in the Guilin area has aroused hot debates. In 1985, Mr. Sun went to Guilin again and reiterated his own glacial hypothesis. After a short field investigation in December of 1985, we contend that the glacial hypothesis of Mr. Sun's is certainly untenable. Our main points are as follows. The so called glacial bonlder clay of red-yellowish colour which distributes widely in the Liutang and other areas bears no any resemblance to glacial deposit and no imformation of former glaciation can be found from it.The gravels in the deposit is of high roundness and being well sorted, indicating that they are mainly produced by alluvial processes. Water in alluvial channels, torrents rolling down the mountains and debris flow account for the formation of them. Disturbed structures occurred frequently in the depositional sections have been acclaimed as evidence for glacial hypothesis. However, considering the Karst landscape well developed in the Guilin area, it is not to be wondered that the original structure of the alluvial deposits would be intensively disturbed by Karst corrosion processes among which the uneven subsidence or the bed rock is the main agent. The so called "Longcun Zungenbecken", "Qingpin ice lake basin" and "U-shaped valley" on the eastern side of Jiaqiao mountain are none other than normal water worn land-forms. We are also sceptical about Mr. Sun's "drumlins", for they are generally formed in former ice sheet regions, and it is too crazy to accept an ice sheet to cover the Guilin area in the Quaternary period. A. great deal of data obtained from differential thermal analysis and X ray diffraction analysis of clay mineral. Spore pollen composition analysis and paleo-vertebrate fossil studies have shown that the tropical-subtropical environments prevailed in the Guilin region during Quaternary period. It is unlikely to believe that the snowline had ever depressed so low (300-400m a.s.l.) to meet the development of glaciation in such a low latitude and low land region.
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【Co-citations】
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1 Huang Peihua ( Deparment of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China );RESEARCH AND CONTENTION ON THE QUATERNARY GLACIATION PROBLEM OF EAST CHINA DURING LAST 50 YEARS[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1983-02
2 Kang Jiancheng ( Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences );Grain-size Characteristics of Glacial Debris, and Explanation of the Processes of Glacial Tran-sports and Sediments at the Gongba Glaciers in Mt. Gongga[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1987-01
3 Kong Fanye , Zeng Huayan and Wu Shuimu ( The Secondary Hydrogeology Team, Guangxi Province; The Hydrogeology Team, Guangxi Province; General Station of Environmental Hydrology, Guangxi Province);Approach to Genesis and Era of Clayey-gravel in Guilin[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1991-02
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8 Huang Peihua(Department of Earth and Space Science,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230026);A STUDY ON THE SEDIMENTATION MECHANISM AND ENVIRONMENTS OF QUATERNARY BOULDER CLAY DEPOSITS AT PIEDMENT IN MOUNT HUANGSHAN, ANHUI PROVINCE[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;1994-03
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【Co-references】
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1 Li Jijun ( Department of Geology and Geography ,Lanzhov University );ON GLACIAL STRIATION[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-01
2 Huang Peihua ( Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China );QUATERNARY CLIMATIC CHANGES IN CHINA AND PROBLEM OF LUSHAN GLACIATION REMNANTS[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1982-03
3 Deng Yangxin ( Lanzhou Institute of Glaciulogy and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica );AN EXPLANATION OF THE BOULDER CLAY FORMATION NEAR YANGJIAOLING RIDGE OF THE LUSHAN BY DEBRIS FLOW[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1983-01
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5 He Yuanqing ( Lanzhou Institute of Glociology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences );Study on the Geneses of the Some Quaternary Diamictons in Luojie Mt.Area, Sichuan[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1986-04
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8 Huang Jiqing (Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences);ON PROFESSOR LI SIGUANG'S SPIRIT OF PURSUING THE TRUTH IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH[J];Quaternary Sciences;1989-03
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【Secondary References】
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1 LAI Hongzhou MO Duowen LI Xinpo (College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871);Genesis of Reticulate Clay in the Laterite of the Dongting Basin[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2005-02
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3 NAN Ling CUI Zhi jiu (Department of Urban and Environment Science Peking University, Beijing 100871);The Depositional Characteristics and Generative Environment of Paleo-rock Avalanche in Wudu County, Gansu Province[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2001-03
4 LAI Hong-zhou MO Duo-wen LI Xin-po (College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871);Research on the Quaternary Laterite and Paleoclimate in the Dongting Basin[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2005-01
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1 Li Yangbing~1 Wang Shijie~2 Luo Guangjie~1 (1.School of Geography and Biology Sciences,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang,Guizhou, 550001,China 2.National Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Geochemistry Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang,Guizhou,550002,China);A Discussion on the Pedogenesis of Carbonate and Soil Stratum Genesis Overlying It[A];[C];2009
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1 Yang Zigeng (Hebei Geologic College) Li Youjun Ding Qiuling He Baocheng (Geologic Team 7 of Hebei Geologic Bureau);SOME FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS OF QUATERNARY GEOLOGY OF EASTERN HEBEI PLAIN[J];Acta Geological Sinica;1979-04
2 Liu Jingling and Ye Pingyi (Nanking Institute of Geology and Paleontology,Academia Sinica);STUDIES ON THE QUATERNARY SPORO-POLLEN ASSEMBLAGE FROM SHANGHAI AND ZHEJIANG WITH REFERENCE TO ITS STRATIGRAPHIC AND PALAEOCLIMATIC SIGNIFICANCE[J];Acta Palaeontologica Sinica;1977-01
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