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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1987-04
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The Division of the Holocene Moraine Strata and Their Chronology in Western Mountainous Area of China

Chen Jiyang (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences)  
The Holocene moraines in China all distribute in the plateau and mountainous areas in western China.This paper discussed the characteristics of the Holocene moraines (the types, structures, mineral lithology, particle size,and the particle fabrics of the moraine strata) .The distributions of the Holocene moraine strata in Tianshan, Qilianshan,Himalaya,karakorom Mountains and the mountains in the southeastern Tibet and the western Sichuan Province are briefly introduced.The author summerised the dating results and the chronological data of the Holocene moraines in western China.The stratigraphical time-scale for and the division of the Holocene moraines are suggested.And the following are some conclusions: 1.The researches of the Holocene moraines in China revealed the widely existance of the Neoglaciation and the Little Ice Age.Generally speaking,the cormer includes 3-4 groups of moraines and the later 3 sets.Becauseof the fomplexity of glaciers fluctuations, the morainic chronology should be established on the statistical studies and agedata of moraines from large areas. 2.Moraines are one of the most important climatic strata.The morainic chronology could be used as the basis of the chronology of Holocene strata. The strata chronology of the Holocene moraines in western China(Table 1 )are simply proposed according to the recent research results of the moraines. 3.The environmental period or cycle of changes (about 2,500 years) i s the basic millenial cycle for the Holocene.Upon the age-data and the above cycle we could do the division and correlation of the Holocene strata because this cycle basically exists in environmental changes and processes of morainic formation and of the formation of other genetic strata.The time interval of the four groups of the Holocene strata could be as follows: about 10,000-7,000 years B.P., 7,000-4,900 years B.P., 4,900-2,400 years B.P., and 2,400 years B.P.up to now. 4.Form the dating of the moraines, the overlay loess, and the climatic changes and also the widely accepted viewpoints, it could be reasonable that the lower limit of the Holocene strata is near about 10,000 years B.P..
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