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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1988-02
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A Preliminary Study on the Relationship Between Summer Temperature Drop and Mean Annual Temperature Drop During Ice Ages

Zhou Shangzhe (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences)  
It is very important to study summer temperature during Quaternary ice-ages for reconstructing ancient enviroments. In this paper, the auther carried out a deduction on the relationship between the summer temperature drop and mean annual temperature drop during ice-ages based on the change of natural zone. The result shows that the value of summer temperature drop was lower than that of mean annual temperature drop according to the range of horizontal change of natual zone longitudinally; on the contrary, the value of summer temperature drop was higher than that of mean annual temperature drop in terms of the vert-tical change of the mountain natural zone. Because of this reason, it is believed that the relation between the two drops is dependent on the cause of ice-age. Recently the Milankovitch theory is eulogized as the most up to date solutions to the ice-age cycle. Therefore the influence of the change of obliquity ε to summer temperature and mean annual temperature is discussed in this paper and it is found that the change of ε is a element that makes summer tern- perature change and does makes mean annual temperature change. The auther thinks that although the study of the horizontal and veritical ranges of natural zone variations are the main methodes of reconstructing ancient temperature (including summer temperature and mean annual temperature). We can not make use of it and must pay attention to ice-age theoretical study.
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