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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1989-04
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Spring Runoff Characteristics of the Upper Yellow River

Lan Yongchao Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences )  
In the upper Yellow River basin above Tangnaihai,the precipitation in winter and spring is mainly accumulated in the form of snow cover. Snowmelt is one of the main supplies of spring streamflow. The basin is one of the main runoff-forming areas of the Yellow River. The yearly runoff volumes from the basin make up over 80-90% of the inflow to the Longyangxia Reservoir and 75% of that to the Liujiaxia Reservoir respectively. It is in spring that the irrigation season is , the need for irrigating water is often in conflict with the need for power generating water. Enormous economic losses in industry and agriculture are caused by the water shortage. Therefore, on the basis of the snow cover data extracted from NOAA / TIROS satellite images, the observational data of precipitation and air temperature, and the field investigation, the characteristics of the spring runoff composition and variation of the upper Yellow River are analysed and studied in this paper. It is attempted to use the remote sensing information in the inflow forecast for Longyangxia Reservoir. during the snowmelt season, so that a scientific basis can be provided for the rational exploitation and utilization of the runoff resources.
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