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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1991-02
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Periglacial Periods and Pleistocene Environment in Western Mountain of Beijing, China

Guo Xudong , Yan Fuhua and Jin Zengxin (Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica; Institute of Geology, State Seismological Bureau)  
Periglacial phenomena are widely distributed in Western Mountain of Beijing, China. This paper is the first report on the studies of some fossil periglacial phenomena in that region. Four kinds of fossil periglacial phenomena were found: ice wedges, periglacial involution, congelifolds and congelisolifluctive deposits. According to stratigraphical and chronological data, the periglacial periods have been divided as following: 1. Guanting periglacial period, characterized by the congelisolifluctive deposits developed in Shizhuang formation, with an age of 2.43 Ma B.P. from paleomagnetic dating; 2. Yanchi periglacial period, characterized by the congelifold developed in Yanchi formation, with an age of 0.5 Ma B.P. from pleomagnetic dating; 3. Zhaitang periglacial period(Ⅱ), characterized by the periglacial involution developed in Zhaitang formation, with an age of 0.3 Ma B.P. from paleomagnetic dating; 4. Zhaitang periglacial period( Ⅰ ), characterized by the ice (soil) wedge developed in Zhaitang formation, with an age of 0.2 M a B.P. from paleomagnetic dating; 5. Qiansangyu periglacial period(Ⅱ), characterized by the ice (sand) wedges developed in Qiansangyu formation, with an age of 0.13 Ma B.P. from paleomagnetic dating; 6. Qiansangyu periglacial period( Ⅰ), characterized by the ice (soil) wedge developed in Qiansangyu formation, with an age of 0.018 Ma B.P. from thermolunscent dating. These fossil ice wedges, periglacial involutions and congelifolds indicated a rather arid and windy periglacial environment with a mean annual temperature estimated to be some 12 -15℃colder than that at the present. During about 0.5-0.018 Ma B.P., the southern boundary of Pleistocene permafrost extended to the latitude 38°N. The depth of permafrost is about -3 m to -20 m, during Pleistocene periglacial periods. Finally, the problems on vegetations, precipitation etc. were discussed.
【Fund】: 中国科学院地质研究所科学基金
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