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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 1992-02
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Evolution of Quaternary Glaciers and Environment on the Eastern Side of the Geladandong Peak

Deng Xiaofeng Zhang Wenjing (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica)  
Based on the field investigation and sample analyses, three glaciations on the eastern side of the Geladandong Peak since middle Pleistocene have been recognized. Their scales, types are mainly discussed as follows: (1) the glacial characteristics of the last Glacial maximum dated back to 18010± 386 a B.P., was of monsoonal continent type. The glacier terminal reached 5 120 m a.s.l., The snow line elevation was about 5 533 m a.s.l.; (2) the glacier of the penultimate glaciation was of transition features between the monsoonal and the maritime glaciers, the age is suggested to a cold period in middle Pleistocene, the altitude of terminals 4 950 m a.s.l., the altitude of snowline 5 238 m a.s.l., and the lower trough was formed in this period; (3) the glacier of the pre-penultimate glaciation was a maritime ice cap, the glacial thickness reached 200-300 m, the U-shaped valley was sculptured and the upper till sheet deposited in this stage. It is the earliest and greatest glaciation in this area.
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